Driving is an essential aspect, but it comes with its risks and challenges. Whether you are driving for leisure or commuting to work, it is crucial to ensure that you have all the necessary safety equipment in your vehicle.

In this blog, we will discuss the legal requirements and recommendations for safety equipment in Spain, including warning triangles, safety vests, spare wheels, and fire extinguishers. We will provide you with the information you need to stay safe and comply with the law while driving in Spain. So buckle up, and let's dive into the world of road safety equipment in Spain!

Table of contents

Warning triangle

It is required to have at least one warning triangle in your car, except for cars with a Spanish licence plate which must have two. The use of a warning triangle is mandatory only when your car is stationary outside built-up areas in a location where it is prohibited and creates an obstacle to other traffic.

To place the warning triangle, position it at least 50 metres behind your car in a way that it is visible from 100 metres. If you are driving on a road with two-way traffic, you may need to place a second warning triangle at least 50 metres in front of your car. However, this is only mandatory for rental cars or cars with a Spanish licence plate.

As of July 1, 2021, it is allowed to carry a V-16 flashing light, specially approved in Spain, instead of a warning triangle. In case of a breakdown or accident, you should place the orange flashing light on the roof of the car from the door window. From January 1, 2026, the V-16 flashing light will become mandatory, and warning triangles will no longer be allowed.

Note: that if it is not possible or too dangerous to place a warning triangle due to heavy traffic, you are not required to do so.

Safety vest

All drivers must have a reflective safety vest in their car. In the event of a breakdown or accident outside built-up areas, the driver and passengers must wear the safety vest while walking along the road.

While only cars with a Spanish licence plate are required to have a safety vest, we recommend all occupants of the car to have one because the obligation to wear it in case of a breakdown or accident also applies to non-Spanish nationals.

In Europe, the safety vest must comply with the standard EN 20471:2013, which means it should be fluorescent yellow, orange or red, and fitted with retro-reflective stripes.

Spare wheel

Every car must have either a spare wheel with the correct equipment to change it, or a tire repair kit. However, this requirement does not apply to cars that use run-flat tires or similar types of tyres.

Fire extinguisher

It is mandatory to take a fire extinguisher with you when towing a trailer or caravan. (Drivers of vehicles without a trailer are advised to carry a fire extinguisher.)
A first aid kit and spare bulbs are not required.

Anti-theft system

If you are towing a trailer or caravan, it is mandatory to carry a fire extinguisher. Although drivers of vehicles without a trailer are not required to carry a fire extinguisher, it is advisable to do so. There is no requirement for drivers to carry a first aid kit or spare bulbs.


When driving in Spain, it is important to have the necessary safety equipment in your car to ensure your safety and comply with the law. This includes a warning triangle or V-16 flashing light, a reflective safety vest, a spare wheel or tire repair kit, and a fire extinguisher when towing a trailer or caravan. It is recommended to carry a safety vest even if you don't have a Spanish licence plate, and a first aid kit and spare bulbs are not required but can be helpful. By being prepared with the right safety equipment, you can enjoy a safer and more enjoyable driving experience in Spain.